Palabras clave: Evaluación de credibilidad; discapacidad intelectual; criterios de .. La prueba pericial psicológica sobre la credibilidad del testimonio. la pericial psicológica de la credibilidad del testimonio. En un estudio de archivo, . las técnicas tradicionales de evaluación psicológica que son totalmente. A.L. ManzaneroProcedimientos de evaluación de la credibilidad de las MuñozLa prueba pericial psicológica sobre la credibilidad del testimonio: Reflexiones.
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Thus, in a population of persons with severe ID or with a specific syndrome involving language disorders, perhaps the credibility criteria that prove to be significant for distinguishing between true and false statements would be different. Human Communication Research, 30 1 Discerning truth from deception: Sexuality and Disability, 9, Credibility assessment; intellectual disability; content criteria; eyewitness testimony; high-dimensional visualization.
Two trained evaluators assessed each statement individually on each of the content criteria proposed in the RM procedure see Table 2and then an interjudge agreement was reached. Twenty-nine persons with intellectual disability participated in the study. Memory-enhancing Techniques for Investigative Interviewing: When cluster A is considered equal to simulation and B equal to actual, the false statements were correctly classified in 16 cases In conclusion, in light of our results, we may affirm that there are complexities involved in analyzing the credibility of testimony given by an adult person with ID and, even beyond that, in designing the supportive procedures required to obtain a valid testimony.
Given the bias that may condition our intuitive credibility evaluation in persons with ID, and because such an evaluation carries a significant margin of error, it is absolutely essential that, in a law enforcement or legal setting, individuals who specialize in ID would be on hand when the testimony of a person with ID is to be evaluated.
Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20, By the same token, prior to evaluating the testimony, the individual must be evaluated with regard to those abilities that could impact each of the credibility criteria used to distinguish between true and fabricated statements in this population.
Evaluacion Pericial by Pamela Alvarez on Prezi
Detecting true and false opinions: Perceived credibility and eyewitness testimony of children with intellectual disabilities. The sincere witness profile.
None of the phenomenological characteristics studied turned out to be significant for discriminating between actual and simulated victims. Phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories for emotional and neutral events in older and younger adults. Memories of perceptive origin would have more contextual and sensory attributes and more semantic details, while self-generated memories would contain more information about cognitive operations.
The null Importance of police experience on intuitive credibility of people with intellectual disabilities. Where were you going? A Qualitative Review of the First 37 Studies.
Research in Developmental Disabilities, 34, According to the original proposition, actual statements pfricial contain more contextual and sensory information and show less allusion to cognitive processes and idiosyncratic information than fabricated statements. There were no significant effects on the rest of the criteria.
Therefore, using only the two criteria shown to be significant in the study, one runs the risk of issuing an erroneous assessment of credibility-and the revictimization that would result.
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Method Participants Twenty-nine persons with intellectual disability participated in the study. The psychology of criminal evidence. An audiovisual dr was made of all interviews. Then again, the results obtained would be applicable only to those statements originating from an actual memory and to false statements generated from information about an event presented schematically.
Prevalence of disabled people involved in Spanish Civil Guard’s police activity.
The less scientific road to truth. As subsequent research was expanding the list of differentiating attributes see Table 1testimono data was showing, simultaneously, that the presence of these distinctive features depends on the influence of a host of factors.
Improving the understanding of why the cognitive interview works.
Recuerdo de sucesos complejos: A guide for helping professionals. Article received Revision received Accepted Research in Developmental Disabilities, 36 1 Of the 15 criteria analyzed, however, there were two amount of detail and length that were significant for discriminating evaluwcion the two types of statements and, therefore, could be of some help in distinguishing the origin of the statements.
Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 17 2 Police Studies, 17,