El Capital Intelectual: Como Identificar Y Calcular El Valor De Los Recursos Intangibles De Su Empresa by Leif Edvinsson; Michael S. Malone at. El Capital Intelectual by Leif Edvinsson; Michael Malone at – ISBN – ISBN – Grupo Editorial Norma – Synopsis: Uno de los más serios problemas que tiene que enfrentar en la actualidad cualquier negocio es la gran diferencia entre lo que muestra su balance.

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As such, in light of the problems edvinssob micro-enterprises in developing regions, the hypothesis of this paper is that this business sector can find in the NIE and the Theory of Resources and Capabilities, specifically in intangible capabilities, the determinants of competitive advantages, using the economic sector and size of the enterprise measured by number of employees as the evaluation criteria.

The Hausman test value indicated that in no model was the null hypothesis that the lef effects structure is relevant rejected, so therefore the GLS estimators are consistent.

Capacidades Intangibles para la Competitividad Microempresarial en México

November 06, ; Accepted: Muitos desses sistemas contemplam medidas de produtividade e medidas qualitativas, principalmente o Balanced Scorecard, que foi identificado em 5 das 30 empresas pesquisadas. It was the start not only of a legendary company but of an entire way of life in Silicon Valley – and, ultimately, our modern digital age.

Revista Mercado de Capitais. Finally, some areas capiyal opportunity for future studies would include an econometric model that estimates the intangible factors underlying business competitiveness in the long term, as a function of the market share of small-scale enterprises. The independent variables were dichotomous with the exception of schooling, calculated on a scale of 0 to 1, with continuous values, where 0 is no instruction and 1 is graduate-level schooling, with lfif values ranging from primary school to doctoral degrees.

A total of eight panel data models with random effects were run for each of the four economic sectors considered manufacturing, trade, construction, and servicesand the three sizes of micro-enterprises considered by number of employees Micro-1, Micro-2, Micro-3as well as a general model estimated with all of the data and no division by evaluation criteria.

The purpose of this essay is to investigate through the Controlling Departments how the Management Information Systems in large Brazilian companies treat investments on Intellectual capital elements. As such, the error term w it also includes the random error of the i th observation, which is constant over time and can be interpreted as the set of factors not included in the regression that are specific to each unit.

Another major difference was that in Intelecttual, training in business administration was statistically significant, with the second-highest coefficient value of all of the factors studied for Micro For purposes of estimating the model with the panel data technique, the models were balanced out with the highest number of observations of each cross section for each evaluation criteria.


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El Capital Intelectual : Leif Edvinsson :

Competindo na terceira onda. Meanwhile, the edvinsskn that evaluated the drivers of business competitive advantage in the category Micro-3 did not present any statistically significant coefficients, meaning it was not possible to analyze those coefficients using the panel structure.

But Malone argues that the HP Way was a hard- nosed business philosophy that combined simple objectives, trust in employees to make the right choices, and ruthless self-appraisal. First, the most statistically significant coefficient in the category itelectual Micro-1 was the intangible asset of owner schooling, while for Micro-2, it was the tangible asset of investing in a work vehicle.

Following the first section, the Introduction, intelectyal second presents theoretical and empirical debate about the intangible factors related to business competitiveness.

This prevented elimination of observations and respected the objectivity o the study.

Capitalul intelectual – resursa cheie pentru extinderea inteligenței organizaționale

Structural capital obeys the capacity to systematize organizational processes within the company, so this includes an organizational component systems, supply channels, organization and distribution of knowledgeinnovation protected commercial rights, patents, new productsand processes certifications, production efficiency. This paper is divided into six sections. Both tests follow an asymptotic chi-square distribution Greene, Drawing on the Industrial Economics, the New Industrial Economics, and theory of Resources and Capabilities approaches, this paper sets forth a panel data econometric model with 2, Mexican micro-enterprises over four time periods, detailing the relationship between the competitive advantages of micro-enterprises and external and internal factors, such as the sectoral structure and the tangible and intangible assets of the economic unit.

Greene, WilliamEconometric Analysis6a. Singapore Management Review, v. The intangible capabilities were divided into human capital, structural capital, and relational capital. In this sense, various empirical papers Mungaray, Osuna et al.

The customary transformation consists of dividing the target study variables by the square root of the variances that edvineson not meet the basic assumptions. Observa-se que, enquanto Brooking emprega a palavra ativo, os outros dois autores utilizam recurso para identificarem o mesmo objeto. Even so, the macroeconomic and institutional context, which does not offer an environment conducive to developing this type of family business, has turned them into subsistence companies that do not offer any chance for social mobility to their owners Ocegueda, Mungaray et al.

As such, in the econometric model applied, the dependent variable is the average monthly profit of each capitl unit, which is a continuous variable expressed in nominal monetary values. In this sector, the most significant factor over the rest was the intangible factor of human capital, referring to training in product or service quality.


Micro-enterprises are also the top business sector in job creation, employing Ter definido indicadores para mensurar os elementos do Capital Intelectual.

Relational capital refers to the set of relationships the company maintains with market agents that produce dividends for it Edvinsson and Malone, In the wide format of panel data, where the number of cross-section data points is higher than the number of time periods, a random effects approach is appropriate when the cross-section units of the sample are randomly drawn from a larger population Judge, Carter et al.

The two categories Micro-1 and Micro-2 had some drivers ccapital competitive intelsctual in common, such as investing in tools, for physical resources, and owner experience, organizational nature, and membership in business intelecrual, for the intangibles. Services on Demand Journal. The Free Pres, Despite the limitations of the data sources when it came to gathering information from the micro-enterprise sector, five variables were confirmed to evaluate tangible factors and ten for intangible factors.

Others have written about the rise of Hewlett-Packard, including Packard himself in a bestselling memoir.

Economic theory has evolved, although not yet reached a consensus, to better understand the complex concept of competitiveness and competitive advantages, for both individual enterprises and specific business groups or sectors, respectively. Secondly, we proved the importance of intangible capabilities in driving competitiveness for this business sector.


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Business competitiveness has long been a subject of study and debate in the economic literature, which has pointed to various drivers of business development. Sveiby, Karl ErikLa nueva riqueza de las empresas: The closure of many small companies and job cuts undertaken by all types of companies as a strategy to raise competitiveness have entailed a drop in formal employment, encouraging the creation of family enterprises.

That is why the random effects panel data technique was used and, as such the constants for each observation are considered as a specific error of each unit and are randomly distributed. An additional problem ailing the Mexican business sector is derived from the deterioration of a segment of medium-sized and large enterprises that have faced difficulties in adapting to strong foreign competition following trade liberalization.

The wealth of knowledge: The econometric models estimated in this paper also prove the importance of physical resources, such as investing in tools, work vehicles, and access to financing. In the economic literature, there have been various proposals as to how to define business competitiveness.